When the Hindus left Sindh in 1947, they naturally carried their language with them across the new border. However, when the Indian constitution was framed in 1950, it accepted fourteen Indian languages, and Sindhi was not one of them. It took a long legal battle before Sindhi was finally accepted as a language of the Constitution of the Republic of India on 10 August 1967. In those twenty years, the language suffered mortal blows. Those who cared, those who could not bear to imagine a world without their own language, terrified that it was imminent, tried their best to fight back. A loud babble of life-support questions arose:
The Hindus of Sindh had lost their land, what would they gain by retaining their language?
With their land gone, did they really want to restrict themselves by speaking only to each other?
Didn’t they want their children to integrate and belong to the places where they were living?
Wouldn’t it be a better use of their time and energy, in this difficult and competitive world, for the younger generation to learn other languages and read the books of other literature?
Wasn’t the Sindhi script far too complicated for ordinary people?
Why should it be imposed on the Sindhi children of the modern world for whom Sindh itself had ceased to exist?
Why should Hindus be forced to learn a Muslim script?
Eventually, it was decreed that Sindhi would be taught in India with Devnagari script. While this kindly granted Sindhi parents the privilege of allowing their children to learn their mother tongue, it also separated them forever from the classics of literature of their language.
Sindhi writers were appalled. They made every effort to express their point of view, to protest against the callous disregard of their language and culture, and demand government recognition.
Eminent lawyer Ram Jethmalani was requested to present the case. A year later, it was decided that Sindhi could be taught in the Arabic script as well.
For a scattered, shattered community, providing this choice was yet another shove away from a position where they could easily and naturally pass on their mother tongue and its rich literature to their children.
Excerpted from The Amils of Sindh by Saaz Aggarwal black-and-white fountain (2019)